To preserve its unique age-old culture and traditions, the College was established under the patronage of the late His Majesty Jigme Dorji Wangchuck on 16th July 1961 at Wangdi Tse above Dechen Phodrang in the Thimphu valley and the first director was the great religioud master Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche (1910-1991). Later it was shifted to Semtokha in the Thimphu valley and remained there until 2011. In the summer 2011, LCS shifted to Taktse, its new campus, south of Trongsa in Central Bhutan.
Over the last four decades, the College has undergone a series of changes from a monastic school to being one of the founding institutes of the Royal University of Bhutan. In 1997 the College was upgraded as the College of Language and Culture Studies and started recruiting ICSE passed students. In 1999, c was offered. A first batch of 19 graduates passed out in April 2002. Since then, the College has been producing batches of university graduates annually. The College also offers a two-year certificate course and they graduate with bilingual competency – Dzongkha and English.CLCS was the first College to be formally handed over to the Royal University of Bhutan by the Ministry of Education on 28th April 2004.
In February 2006, for the first time in the history of CLCS, the College recruited 30 students as day-scholars and will continue to do so every year.
In its sprawling new location at Taktse (Trongsa district), CLCS offers innovative Degree programmes in Bhutanese Language and Literature (BLL) and Bhutanese & Himalayan Studies (BHS). MA and PhD programmes will be offered at a later stage.
An audio-visual unit and two centres, the Centre for History and Culture and the Centre for Buddhist Studies, form the core of the research and documentation activity.