Thimphu is the capital city of the Kingdom of Bhutan. Ere the reign of the Third Druk Gyalpo, it was but a dzongkhag with sizable land and population. It was only in 1961 that His Majesty the Third King declared it as the permanent capital.
The city extends in a north-south direction on the west bank of the valley formed by the Wang Chuu or Thimphu Chuu. And it is considered as the fourth highest capital in the world by altitude and ranges in altitude from 2,248 metres (7,375 feet) to 2,648 metres (8,688 feet).
Thimphu, as the political and economic centre, has a dominant agricultural and livestock base, which contributes 45% of the country's GNP. It contains most of the important political buildings in Bhutan, including the National Assembly of the newly-formed parliamentary democracy and Dechencholing, the official residence of the King, located to the north of the city.
The famous and the highest statue of Buddha Dordenma stand majestically atop Kuenselphodang and it is the major tourist site in the city.